why in freedom



English, Spanish, Portuguese, German, French, Italian,

Greek, Catalan and Russian translations!



Despite the level and amount of information available against captivity, the number of zoos continues to increase, since much of the population is unaware of the main factors involved in this industry. Most of the information that exists is directed to adults, hence the idea of ​​creating a specific material adapted to "little ones", available in different languages.


We have to start by educating in schools:

children are not only the future generations

but also have the audacity to change the mentality of their parents.


This material can be used both by aware teachers and people of other educational areas who decide to take a step further in addressing local schools to expose this matter. Companies or NGOs can also use the material in environmental education activities.


It is important not to leave aside the countries where cetaceans in captivity are already banned or simply do not exist because their inhabitants are potential tourists in countries where it is common practice.


With the help of the Internet, our aim is for any person or group anywhere in the world to have access to this material and give it the best possible use. For those who think that an isolated act does not change anything, and as a summary of this project, we want to quote a Uruguayan author, Eduardo Galeano, who said the following:


Small people, in small places, doing small things,

can change the world!



It consists of a total of seven cards with different information and linking or coloring activities, we recommend printing on front and back, and also contribute to the environment by saving paper. The material is divided into two sections:


I: General characteristics and biology of cetaceans in their natural environment. On the three main species found in zoos: orcas, bottlenose dolphins and belugas.


II: Cetaceans in captivity. Comparative view of cetaceans in freedom and humans on the living conditions of these animals in the pools of zoos.


IMPORTANT: as an extra activity for adults, we recommend you to draw a world map on large paper to show children the size of the ocean compared to the size of a swimming pool. Moreover, according to each case, it would be interesting to have information on nearby places that offer the possibility of watching cetaceans at liberty so as to offer a real alternative to seeing wildlife close to home, rather than visit the species in zoos.


We are a multidisciplinary team formed by people from different countries and fields of study, who worked cooperatively to create an educational material in order to show the "little ones" how cetaceans live in their natural environment, the ocean, compared to their situation in captivity.


After some intense and rewarding work this material of free distribution was born.

The team does not represent any organization, our work was voluntary and unpaid, and therefore, the sale or misuse of the material is strictly prohibited.




Yasmina Rodríguez. Marine biologist born in the Canary Islands, she worked in different sea turtle conservation projects in Cape Verde and in the Galapagos, as well as cetacean research and marine pollution projects in Spain and Portugal. The influence that zoos have had in her native land for years as well as the amount of captive cetaceans awakened the need to do something against this multi-million dollar industry. (www.endemicazores.com; https://www.facebook.com/endemicazores/)


Frederick Pessanha. Marine biologist with an interest in conservation and marine biodiversity. He worked on protected areas in the African continent and local communities awareness projects through schools and groups of workers. For now he works as a guide / biologist in activities related to observation of wild cetaceans and as a diving instructor in the Atlantic waters of the archipelago.(www.endemicazores.com; https://www.facebook.com/endemicazores/)


Marina García Ladrero. Senior technician in fine arts and graphic design. multidisciplinary artist specializing in design, graphic and illustrative techniques such as watercolor, acrylic, drawing and computer-assisted drawing. Proficient in the use of digital tools such as Indesign, Illustrator and Photoshop. With experience in mural and large-scale design. (https://www.facebook.com/doiscanarios/)


Góel Domínguez Val. Graduated in Fine Arts and senior technician in plastic arts and illustration design. Multi-skilled creator specialized in large format painting and digital tools (Photoshop, Indesign). His work on illustration techniques (drawing, painting and graphic) has been gathered in a portfolio.  (https://www.facebook.com/doiscanarios/)


Miriam Romagosa. Biologist specializing in the study of cetaceans, particularly in the acoustic field and the relation of marine environmental sounds with communication between animals and our ability to detect them based on studies made with these animals in freedom from boats or land. In her opinion, captivity is not necessary in order to study these animals since alternative ways already exist.


Tarsila Pfyffer. Multidisciplinary translator, born in Brazil, of Swiss origin. Lived in Russia and Belgium, where she graduated. As her profession and life experience indicate she loves multiplying fields of experience. In the Azores she worked on environmental awareness projects and rediscovered the pleasure of contact with nature and the importance of environmental preservation actions.


Andreia Azevedo. Clinical psychologist in Psikontacto (www.psikontacto.com) in Coimbra. She has worked with children, adolescents, families since 2000, and since 2008 has taken a new challenge: implement, supervise and investigate the Parental Intervention Program Anos Incríveis  (www.incredibleyears.com) in Portugal. Has a PhD by FPCEUC and works as a researcher in the Project for the Promotion of Mental Health Anos Incríveis (http://www.uc.pt/fpce/anosincriveis), a project that aims to train professionals in primary health care, early childhood educators and parents, in order to disseminate empirically validated strategies, as well as the prevention and early intervention in behavioural problems in preschool and fight against social inequalities. She forms professionals in the areas of intervention with parents, psychopathology of childhood and adolescence, parental intervention programs and is a Scientific Consultant for the Association Pais como Nós (https://www.facebook.com/paiscomonos).


Julien Floro. Marine conservationist with a MSc in biodiversity and marine conservation. Through his academic and professional career, with projects carried out in South America (Ecuador) and Africa (Kenya, Madagascar), he has increased knowledge and specialized in the following fields: Marine Reserves (MPAs), artisanal and small-scale fishing, (SSF), community social works with various interested parties (e.g. fishermen, maritime tourism, etc.) and dissemination of marine conservation concepts to increase popular reception.


Maria Rakka. Marine biologist with a particular interest in ecology and marine biodiversity. Born in Greece she has worked on several research projects, dissemination of scientific knowledge and social awareness on environmental issues. Today she works in biology research of ​​marine species in the Azores. (https://pinchofadventure.wordpress.com/; https://www.facebook.com/PinchOfAdventure/)


Eleonore Berdat. Geology student at the University of Lausanne. She worked for a whale watching company in the Azores. In addition to her studies, she currently works as an animator in schools in a regional project on the use of energy and their sources.


Elke Brockmann. Degree in Technical Translation (English, French) in Germany. Worked at the French Cultural Institute and the Consulate General of Great Britain. Was responsible for the Department of Technical Press of the International Informatics Fair CeBIT and was corporate communications manager in an organization in Hong Kong for 15 years. She lives in the Azores since 2007.


Roman Jindra. German with a sociology degree from the University of Savoie and a Philosophy degree from the University of Grenoble, in France. Throughout his life journey he has always shown interest in nature and conservation. He worked in the Azores as an environmental educator in an organic agriculture and permaculture project in primary schools in which he also gave capoeira lessons. Currently studying Traditional Chinese Medicine in Lisbon. (https://www.facebook.com/rataodobambuzal/)


Fabio Lenzo. Social and cultural educator degree at the Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education in Bologna, where he carried out a practical project on didactic organization of primary schools into "eco-schools”. He is specialized in planning, management and assessment of educational interventions, which culminated with the presentation of a study on the level of social inclusion in primary schools in the north of Ticino canton (Switzerland) using the Index for Inclusion as the research tool. He has worked as a teaching mentor in the magisterium course of the University of Bologna, and during the last five years in the creation of educational projects in primary schools and smaller communities. He currently works at the University of Applied Studies and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI) as a scientist / educator.

We would especially like to thank Vera Batsekalo for its traduction to russian.

Sean Paton your help was very important! E. Atchoi, we are gratefull for your attempt to get a translation to Turkish.


Finally, with special affection we thank Maria del Carmen, Agustín, Isabel and Luis by their support. 



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Please contact with us for any question or suggestion!

e-mail: fcetaceans@gmail.com

facebook: @freethecetaceans